2022 Mpox Outbreak
As of June 29, 2023, there have been 39 confirmed cases of mpox identified in Milwaukee.
What is mpox?
Mpox is a viral infection, with symptoms that can include a painful and uncomfortable rash or sores which may look like pimples or blisters, often accompanied with flu-like illness. Mpox can result in severe disease requiring hospitalization particularly in persons with other health conditions or those who are immunocompromised. The virus is part of the same family of viruses that causes smallpox, and symptoms are similar to smallpox symptoms, but milder.
Prior to May 2022, most human cases occurring outside of Africa were linked to imported animals, international travel to countries where mpox is endemic, and/or contact with a person with a confirmed mpox virus infection. Recent data, however, suggest that there is now ongoing community transmission in non-endemic countries, including the United States, through direct contact with individuals infected with mpox.
Vaccination is currently recommended for people with known exposure to someone with mpox and people with certain risk factors who are more likely to be exposed to the mpox virus. The JYNNEOS vaccine is a 2-dose vaccination series. People need to get both doses of the vaccine for the best protection against mpox. The second dose should be given 4 weeks after the first dose.
Vaccine is open to individuals 18 years and older who live or work in Wisconsin and meet at least one of the following criteria:
- Known contacts who are identified by public health officials via case investigation, contact tracing, and risk exposure assessments.
- People with a known sexual partner in the past 14 days who was diagnosed with mpox.
- People who attended an event/venue where mpox exposure occurred or plan to attend an event/venue where mpox exposure is a risk.
- Any men who have sex with men, trans men and women, and gender non-conforming/non-binary individuals who have or expect to have multiple sexual partners.
- Healthcare personnel including clinical laboratory or research personnel who perform testing to diagnose or work directly with orthopoxviruses, and health care providers working in sexual health clinics or other specialty settings directly caring for patients with sexually transmitted infections.
More information on the JYNNEOS 2-dose vaccine
Mpox vaccines are available without an appointment:
Southside Health Center (1639 S. 23rd St.)
Mondays, 3 - 6 p.m.
Tuesdays, 1 - 4 p.m.
Northwest Health Center (7630 W. Mill Rd.)
Wednesdays, 3 - 6 p.m.
Fridays, 10 a.m. - 1 p.m.
Keenan Sexual Health Clinic (3200 N. 36th Street)
Mondays, 11 a.m. - 6:30 p.m.
Tuesdays - Fridays, 8:30 a.m. - 3:30 p.m.
Find more mpox vaccination sites in your area using the vaccine finder to the right.
What to Do If You Think You Were Exposed to Mpox
If you have symptoms or have been exposed to mpox, contact your healthcare provider as soon as possible to be tested. Healthcare providers can provide testing and care for people who are diagnosed with mpox. If you do not have a healthcare provider, contact your local health department for guidance.
Mpox testing in the Milwaukee area can be found at:
Monitor your health for 21 days, checking for signs and symptoms of mpox and taking your temperature regularly. If you experience symptoms, please isolate yourself from others.
More guidance on what to do if you are sick from the CDC
How Does Mpox Spread?
Mpox can spread to anyone through close, personal, often skin-to-skin contact including:
- Direct contact with mpox rash, scabs, or body fluids from a person with mpox. We believe this is currently the most common way that mpox is spreading in the U.S.
- Touching objects, fabrics (clothing, bedding, or towels), and surfaces that have been used by someone with mpox.
- Contact with respiratory secretions.
This contact can happen during intimate contact including:
- Oral, anal, and vaginal sex or touching the genitals (penis, testicles, labia, and vagina) or anus (butthole) of a person with mpox.
- Hugging, massage, and kissing.
- Prolonged face-to-face contact.
- Touching fabrics and objects during sex that were used by a person with mpox and that have not been disinfected, such as bedding, towels, fetish gear, and sex toys.
What Are the Symptoms of Mpox?
Mpox symptoms usually start within 3 weeks of exposure to the virus. Mpox can be spread from the time symptoms start until the rash has healed, all scabs have fallen off, and a fresh layer of skin has formed. This can take several weeks. You may experience all or only a few of the symptoms of mpox:
- Muscle aches and backache
- Swollen lymph nodes
- A rash that can look like pimples or blisters that appears on the face, inside the mouth, and on other parts of the body, like the hands, feet, chest, genitals, or anus.
Most people with mpox recover in two to four weeks without needing treatment.
How to Prevent Mpox
Anyone, regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity, can get mpox through close, personal contact with someone who has symptoms of mpox. However, data suggests that the virus has primarily spread among social networks of gay, bisexual, and same gender-loving men through intimate contact. Risk is especially high for same gender-loving men who have multiple or anonymous sexual partners.
Take the following steps to prevent getting mpox:
- Avoid close, skin to skin contact with the mpox rash.
- Do not touch the rash or scabs of person with mpox.
- Do not kiss, hug, cuddle or have sex with someone with mpox.
- Do not share eating utensils or cups.
- Do not handle or touch the bedding, towels, or clothing of a sick person.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, especially after contact with sick people.
A person who is sick with mpox should isolate at home. If they have an active rash or other symptoms, they should be in a separate room or area from other family members and pets when possible. Additional isolation guidance from the CDC
Helpful Links and Resources
Mpox is reportable in Wisconsin as a Category I Condition. Immediately consult your local health department as soon as mpox is suspected. Clinicians within the city of Milwaukee who suspect a case of mpox can call 414-286-6800 (8 a.m. - 4:45 p.m.) or 414-286-CITY (outside of business hours) to speak to a Milwaukee Health Department representative.
If indicated, testing for orthopoxvirus will be coordinated by DHS at one of Wisconsin’s Laboratory Response Network (LRN) sites, which include the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene (WSLH) and the Milwaukee Health Department Laboratory (MHDL). Confirmatory testing for mpox virus is conducted at CDC.