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Lead Poisoning Prevention Testing Recommendations

Every child should be tested for lead in blood 3 times before the age of 3: around 12 months, around 18 months, and around 24 months. There are different recommendations for testing depending on the reported lead level of the child. Find our what your child's lead level means and what actions result here.

Children between the ages of 3 and 5 years old should have a blood lead test if there is no record of a previous test, if they live in housing built prior to 1978 with recent or ongoing renovation, or if they have a sibling or playmate who has an elevated lead level.

Children between the ages of 3 and 5 years old who are uninsured, or receiving Medicaid, Healthcheck or WIC should have a blood lead test every year.
 

BLOOD LEAD TESTING RECOMMENDATIONS
AGE
RECOMMENDATION
 
Test around 12 months
Under 3 Years
 
Test around 18 months
 
Test around 24 months
 
Children receiving Medicaid, Healthcheck, WIC or Uninsured:
 
Test around 36 months
 
Test around 48 months
 
 
 
Test around 60 months
 
3 - 5 Years
Any child:
 
Test if no record of prior test
 
Test if child lives in house built prior to 1978 with recent or ongoing renovations
 
 
Test if child has sibling or playmate with lead poisoning

 

There are specific recommendations for confirming a blood lead level after an initial capillary test. If an initial capillary test shows the child is lead poisoned, a venous test should be scheduled as soon as possible in order to confirm the lead level.

There are specific recommendations for ongoing testing for children depending on their reported lead level.

If a blood lead level is reported at 45 µg/dL or more, a venous test should be preformed immediately to determine if emergency medical care is necessary.

RECOMMENDED ACTIONS BASED ON BLOOD LEAD LEVEL
LEVEL
NEXT ACTIONS
1 - 4 µg/dL Have lead test done in a year

 

5 - 14 µg/dL

CONTACT YOUR CHILD'S DOCTOR

Schedule a venous test to confirm lead level as soon as possible

Schedule another venous test in 3 - 4 months if elevated

 

15 - 24 µg/dL

CONTACT YOUR CHILD'S DOCTOR

Schedule a venous test to confirm lead level as soon as possible

Schedule another venous test in 3 - 4 months if elevated
 

 

25 - 44 µg/dL

CONTACT YOUR CHILD'S DOCTOR

Schedule a venous test to confirm lead level as soon as possible

Schedule another venous test in 1 - 3 months if elevated

 

45 µg/dL and higher

CONTACT YOUR CHILD'S DOCTOR IMMEDIATELY

Child may be hospitalized for chelation therapy to remove lead from body

Retest child frequently after chelation

 

For further information contact the Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program at 414-286-5987.