Información Sobre el Calor
Hot Weather Survival Information
Click on the links below to open corresponding files in Acrobat (PDF) format.
HEAT PLAN - A collaborative effort of the Heat Task Force
The City of Milwaukee Health Department, the regional office of the National Weather Service, the Milwaukee County Division of Emergency Management, the Milwaukee County Dept. on Aging and a wide array of government and community organizations have met together to find ways to reduce the public health threat from heat waves.
Lessons from the 1995 heat wave and a review of research and of other cities' heat response plans have identified discrete action steps, that, when taken in a timely manner, may prevent many cases of heat-related illness and death.
No one single agency can perform all these actions, thus a collaborative Heat Task Force has been formed to join in a coordinated plan of action. Click here for a copy of the Heat Plan in an Acrobat file. Each Task Force member organization participates in the planning and execution of the Extreme Heat Conditions Plan and has specific responsibilities in the event of a heat wave.
HEAT WAVE - Take it Seriously
Hot weather makes our bodies work harder--just to get rid of the heat! People with heart or lung problems should "cool it" on any hot day. During hot weather we all really need to take care of ourselves.
When two very hot days are joined with hot nights and high humidity, we have a dangerous heat wave that could hurt a lot of people. Milwaukee criteria for Outlooks, Advisories, Watches and Warnings can be found by clicking here to open an Acrobat file describing each warning level. Humidity combined with high temperatures can make it feel even hotter - this is called the Heat Index. For information about the Heat Index, visit the National Weather Service Forecast website: www.crh.noaa.gov/mkx/summer_page.php.
Learn more about emergency preparedness in extreme heat from these Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) websites, http://www.cdc.gov/features/extremeheat/, and www.bt.cdc.gov/disasters/extremeheat/. For more specific information, Extreme Heat, A Prevention Guide, from CDC, click here, www.bt.cdc.gov/disasters/extremeheat/heat_guide.asp.
Information on Heat and Work
Precautions and quick action could save lives in Hot Summer Weather: The Occupational Safety and Health Administration has a Heat Stress Guide that offers tips for employers and workers. You can visit them at: www.osha.gov/SLTC/heatstress/index.html
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health has also produced a pamphlet called Working in Hot Environments that you can view here:http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2011-174/
Get heat and other weather information from the National Weather Service website at: www.crh.noaa.gov/mkx/.
People at Higher Risk of Heat-Related Illness
Infants and young children
People with disabilities
Chronic heart or lung problems.
Those who work outdoors or in hot settings
Users of some medications: especially some drugs for mental disorders, movement disorders, allergies, depression and heart or circulatory problems.
Isolated persons who won't know when or how to cool off or call for help
Please remember to make frequent checks on elderly, ill or disabled relatives, friends or neighbors when a heat wave strikes - and help them keep cool.
Keeping infants (less than 6 months of age) safe in the heat
Infants, especially less than 6 months, are at risk for overheating because they have difficulty regulating their body temperature. Parents should:
Infants should be dressed as you would be comfortable. In hot weather all baby needs is a diaper or at most a onesie or similar clothing. Infants do not need to be wrapped in a blanket or a have blanket over the car seat or carrier.
Infants under 6 months should not be given water, continue to breastfeed or give formula as usual.
Warning signs of dehydration for babies: urine looks dark and less urine in diaper, dry or sticky mouth, no tears when crying, not as active or playful, not eating.
Call your baby’s doctor if baby has: fewer than 6 wet diapers per day, gone more than 6 hours without a wet diaper, sunken soft spot on top of the head, or sunken eyes.
Centers for Disease Control Extreme Heat Page