Comments on the May 27, 1900 edition of the Milwaukee Herold und Seebote newspaper found in the cornerstone of the former St. Mary's Nursing home at 35th and Center Street Milwaukee, WI June 2013
The Herold und Seebote was a paper that bought out the formerly independent German newspaper "Seebote" in the late 19th century. For some background on German language journalism and newspapers you can have a look at this website:
Toward the end, the Herold und Seebote was sort of Republican-Catholic in its orientation thus no wonder it would be included in the time capsule at St. Mary's. (In fact, the School Sisters' convent in Elm Grove, for example, was funded by the King Ludwig of Bavaria if I have the story right.) On the other side of the political coin, there were German language papers that were "democratic" in their orientation like the Banner and its successors. The website gives some details.
The German language press dominated the journalistic scene in the late 19th century in Milwaukee because the German-reading population was so large. That came to an end with the end of the 1st World War in part because the Journal headed up an anti-German campaign in the press which was rewarded by a Pulitzer prize and because by then the German-reading population was beginning to wane as more and more young people were not proficient enough in Standard German to read a newspaper. Many folks continued to speak German, of course, but second and third generation folks probably were learning to speak the German dialect spoken at home, not the standard language taught in schools that newspapers are written in. Instead, they learned English in school.
Milwaukee continues to yield a wealth of letters, newspapers, and family documents written in German script (older handwritten German) and printed materials like theHarold-Seebote. I am frequently approached to decipher documents that are found in attics, inside people's walls, and just about everywhere. Where there is a family Bible or an old chest chock full of documents, there are likely to be things written in German. I teach a course at UWM in reading German script handwriting -- this handwriting style hasn't been used in Germany since the 1940's and is difficult to make out by people who have not studied it -- even if they can read and speak German.
It captures an interesting snapshot of history as the Second Boer War was raging in South Africa, as Britain was fighting the Afrikaners there with the aid of expanding and consolidating its empire in southern Africa. The British established concentration camps for Afrikaner civilians which prompted outrage on the part of many especially in Germany. The political fallout led to the Kruger telegram (see wikipedia) and caused a cooling of relations between Great Britain and Germany -- a sort of foreshadowing of the slide toward WW I.
Summary of articles in English from Prof. Garry DaviS German Languages UW-Milwaukee
Milwaukee Herold und Seebote. Sunday morning May 27, 1900, 24 pages, number 255
Page 1 Articles: Left to right
“Roberts close to Johannesburg”
Synopsis of latest troop movements as the British army closes in on Johannesburg in the Boer War.
“Bavarian court is upset”
Political wrangling and dissatisfaction between Bavarian royalty and Prussian royalty who belonged to the Hohenzollern family of the Emperor Kaiser Wilhelm. Bavarian Prince only sends a representative to a ceremony celebrating the coming of age of the Crown Prince of the Hohenzollerns. Possible points of disagreement are the details of a law then under consideration regarding meat inspection and imports, as well as the foreign policy considerations regarding the Boer War.
“Comical “War” in Chicago”
Cpt. (George Wellington) Streeter lands some troops in Chicago to take control of an unclaimed area of sandbars along the lakeshore near the present-day John Hancock Building– police quickly eject them.
Nice weather predicted for Sunday and Monday, somewhat cooler in western Wisconsin.
“America’s House in the Rue des Nations” (American Pavillion at the Paris Exposition)
A description of America’s expo house in Paris is given – ok on the outside, sparse on the inside. Difficulties facing young Americans who go to Paris to attend the expo without having enough financial resources are described.
Advertisements for ladies’ hats and apparel, shoes. An article listing “unfortunate accidents” around the state such as people getting run over by trains, missing persons, etc.
-Advertisements from Gimbel’ s and many other stores for remnant cloth for clothing and other purposes at large discounts.
-Advertisement for “Whitefish Bay Resort” – once located on Lake Drive in WFB including the still operating Jack Pandl’s Restaurant!
-Ads for various plays, performances, and cafes.
Stories, jokes, and reports just for entertainment. The word “telephone” is used in one of the stories.
Under “Church News”
“Great Celebration” about the Cornerstone to be laid at 3 o’clock today for the Cloister of the Sisters of the Holy Savior that is currently under construction. Reverand A.J. Schinner, Archbischop-Secretary and Chancellor, will lead the ceremony with the assistance of many priests. A procession led by a marching band will start from St. Michael’s church at 1:30 under the direction of Festival-Marshall John Reichert and will proceed to 35th and Center. All local Catholic organizations will be in attendance or will be represented by delegates.
The building will have all the latest “improvements” and will consist of a three-story main structure with two side wings. A sanitarium will be part of the cloister because the Sisters will dedicate themselves to serving the sick. As in the past the Sisters will also continue to serve the ill still living at home.
The first Sisters of this order arrived in Milwaukee on July 4, 1895 and came from their Order’s center in Rome. They first took up residence at a house 562 2nd Avenue and after 18 months moved to 553 2nd Avenue. Since then the Sisters have worked self-sacrificingly under the direction of their supervisor, Sister Raphaela Wohnheim to help the suffering. They deserve everyone’s support.
A satellite cloister of this order was established not long ago at St. Nazianz in Manitowoc County.